If you’re thinking of adopting a pug for your pet or the family but are worried about the myths surrounding this breed of dog being less intelligent, you’ve found the right website. I’ve researched the subject to give you a precise opinion on the pug’s intelligence.
If you’ve ever had the pleasure of meeting the pug and you’ve seen them, you’ll know it’s challenging to resist their appeal. You might think Pugs are more intelligent than they appear, given their personalities. They’re affectionate and playful dogs with funny and wacky characters.
Pugs rank the 108th most intelligent dog breed regarding working IQ and obedience. These put them into the “below average” group for dog intelligence. However, they tend to be highly adaptive. That is to say, Pugs are great at communicating, which is a special breed in a dog’s brain.
To comprehend why Pugs were so poorly rated in these tests of dog intelligence, We must first know how we determine the IQ of the dog. We’ll explore the myths surrounding”the “dumb Pug” and why the breed is more brilliant than they appear.
How do we measure the intelligence of Pugs?
How do we determine which breeds are the most intelligent? Stanley Coren, a canine psychologist, conducted an obedience test to measure how much “intelligence” of different purebred canines. In this test, Coren measured “obedience along with working intelligence .”
The essence of the concept of working and obedience are measures of the speed with which dogs learn the new command. It also measures how well a dog can keep their obedience training in place or, more precisely, the degree to which they are “obedient” they are.
Of course, this’s only one of the dimensions that dogs have. While it’s not the best indicator of dog intelligence, it’s the most straightforward measure to be objectively based with the help of 199 judges for obedience trials in North America, and he developed the criteria for this study.
Coren’s Dog Intelligence Criteria
In his letter, Coren asked the obedience judges to rate and classify the breeds of dogs based on their performance, following his standards. Coren created a list of the most intelligent dog breeds based on the information gathered. He used the criteria:
- The amount of time required for an animal breed to master an unfamiliar command. Fewer repetitions meant a more intelligent dog breed.
- The percentage of a dog’s obedience to a well-known command from the first time. The higher the success rate, the more intelligent the dog (and more obedient! ).
There were several limitations to this test. The first was that only breeds of dogs acknowledged as such by AKC and the Canadian Kennel Club participated. This meant that highly intelligent mixed breeds, like the Goldendoodle, did not participate in any competitions.
Furthermore, the test breeds required at least 100 tests to be eligible for the top dog breeds on the list of the smartest. The breed required enough information to qualify to be included in the final ranking. Naturally, Pugs were both popular and well-known at the time, so they were able to cut.
How Pugs Performed
Pugs were classified as being in the lower average and the “fair” level of their intelligence. This means the Pugs were ranked as the most intelligent dog breed, 108th among the 138 species that took part. The Pugs were not terrible. However, they’re not the best also (for reasons we’ll go into later). ).
What do these mean to the pug? Dog breeds in the lower end of the spectrum require between 40 and 80 repetitions to master the latest command. Based on the difficulty that the authorities are, it could take your pet all day to master an entirely new order.
However, the Pugs were not significantly better when it came to obedience. Pugs could be able to obey a command in the first attempt with 30 percent success.
Nothing wrong with being in the “low” intelligence category. Many of the world’s most loved canines are thought of as “fair clever,” including the Maltese, French Bulldog, Saint Bernard, and the Chihuahua.
Pugs vs. the Smartest Dogs
As a member of a “below the average” classification of intelligence, Pugs (obviously) performed better than the average dog. However, how do they compare to the most intelligent breeds?
The dogs with the most intelligence can grasp and understand new commands in less than five repetitions. This means that dogs in the most intelligent class have a minimum of 8 times more efficient at mastering than Pugs.
Additionally, the most intelligent dogs follow a well-known command from the first time they encounter it 90% of the time (or more often). This means they are three times more likely to follow any command known immediately upon the first encounter.
They’re in a league on their own. They’re also some of the most well-known breeds of dogs around the globe. They include, among them, the Golden Retrievers, German Shepherd, Poodle, Rottweiler, Doberman, Labrador, Sheltie, and, of course, The Border Collie (the most intelligent dog).
Here’s the reason why Pugs were ranked low for intelligence
Pugs didn’t perform well. Why do so many owners think that their pug is bright, despite scoring 108th in the Stanley Coren’s intelligence tests? Let’s look at the reasons they failed the tests.
Stanley Coren’s dog’s intelligence test tests the level of obedience. There’s the reason he got the help of obedience trials judges. There is a connection with the speed at which dogs learn the new command, and it’s not enough to prove ability. It doesn’t reveal the whole story.
And, if you didn’t already know, Pugs are some of the most stubborn breeds of dogs. There’s a reason for that. The poor performers also tend to be the most difficult breeds. In the end, it’s reasonable to assume that dogs don’t always follow an established command in the first attempt.
2 Reasons Pugs Are smart
While they’re not the most loyal canines, pugs are clever in different ways. They aren’t “obvious” intelligent breeds, like the Border Collie that learns and obeys because they are eager to work. They require a variety of motivations to make them listen.
According to Stanley Coren, the type of dog’s intelligence is known as working and obedience. The difference is that Coren thinks there exist three elements of dog intelligence. These include the ability to adapt and intuitive intelligence. The other two are difficult to measure objectively, however.
The Companionship Intelligence in Pugs
Instinctive intelligence is the unique ability or talent for which a specific dog breed was developed. Every dog was bred to fulfill specific jobs and roles in the world. These “dog tasks” could include retrieving, herding, hunting, etc.
As an example, Blue Heelers were bred to help herd cattle. They’re born with the instinct to nibble at the cattle’s rear and push them into directions is their natural ability to think.
They don’t require human training for their instincts. In reality, very little instruction is usually provided. However, the ability to get animals moving in a specific direction by running towards their speed at a certain distance or angle is a form of a dog’s intelligence that’s hard to quantify.
In the same way, Pugs were bred to be companions. It is a natural instinctive trait too. They were so adept in their work that they were primarily for Chinese Royal elites and Emperors in the past of China.
Pugs are also great at communicating with humans, as they are the most loving companion dogs to be able to communicate with humans! They communicate primarily through their emotions, so it’s so efficient.
Yes, they can learn the most basic commands for dogs; however, their ability to express emotions is why they distinguish themselves. There aren’t many dog breeds that can be as emotional as the pug due to their inherent intelligence in relationships.
The pug’s adaptive intelligence
The last component of dog intelligence is adaptive intelligence. The most crucial kind of intelligence is the ability of dogs to discover for themselves. It can be as simple as solving problems or making mistakes.
The ability to adapt is different from the intuitive intelligence. This aspect of IQ will vary between dogs in a breed. Naturally, certain species possess a “sharper perception” over others. However, many Pugs have proven to have the ability to learn quickly.