Anal Sacculectomy in Dogs

Apr 19, 2022 | 0 comments

4 min read

What exactly is Anal Sacculectomy?

Anal capsulectomy in dogs refers to removing a dog’s anal glands. Anal glands are small organs used to identify an animal’s territory after the defecation. Anal glands are the openings of the sacs of the anal at the 4 and 8 hours positions on the anus. If a dog vomits, muscles contract, which lets the sacs of the anal glands release a foul-smelling dark-colored substance. It then drains these sacs. However, dogs suffering from anal gland obstruction, infection, or abscess cannot release this substance and usually require assistance from a veterinarian. If the issues aren’t treated with medical treatment, the veterinarian must remove the sacs surrounding the anal glands.

Anal Sacculectomy in Canines

Before performing the capsulectomy anal, the surgeons will run a blood test to confirm that the dog is fit enough for the procedure. The vet team will suggest an effective pain management program to ensure that the dog is at ease to reduce pain before and after surgery. The schedule for pain management may consist of a mixture of general anesthesia, including anti-inflammatory medication, oral analgesics, and epidural analgesia or injectable analgesics.

When the dog is anesthetized, the glands that produce anal fluid will be cleaned and shaved using an antiseptic solution for the scrub. The surgeon will conclude the procedure of preparing for surgery by adjusting the animal’s body to suit the surgery needs and draping the dog’s body to avoid contamination of the surgical area.

The anal capsulectomy procedure begins. The surgeon makes an incision in the area of the anus, directly above the anal gland that is affected. The gland will then be dissected from the internal and external anal sphincters. It is imperative to remove the anal gland because disruption to the anal sphincter could cause permanent incontinence feces. The opening made by the vet will be cleaned out using an antiseptic solution before closing the surgical area wholly or before the placement of the drain.

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A drain is generally installed if the dog suffers from an ongoing anal gland infection. The infection-causing material must be removed entirely before completing closure. Suppose just one of the anal glands has been affected by the disease. The surgeon might decide to leave the healthy gland because unilateral anal capsulectomy is often not associated with urinary incontinence.

Effectiveness of Anal Sacculectomy in Dogs

Anal capsulectomy can be a highly efficient procedure that aims to provide permanent relief to dogs who suffer from anal gland impaction or abscessation and infections. There is a possibility of incontinence following the process. However, this isn’t uncommon. Incontinence can happen, for instance, during the dissection is large, like cancerous tumors within the sac of the anal. Suppose the dog can contact and lick the surgical area. In that case, an infection may occur, and antibiotics are required.

In addition, should there be an anal sac tear before surgery was performed, the possibility of an abscess could arise because of the anal sac tissue left following the surgery? (The procedure is more difficult due to the scar tissue.) If this occurs, a second surgery is occasionally required.

The Recovery of Anal Sacculectomy Dogs

After an anal capsulectomy, managing pain is the primary objective of a dog’s post-surgical care and prevention of infection. Your dog’s surgeon will prescribe painkillers and an antibiotic to be administered according to the directions. It is common for a dog to suffer from constipation following surgery. However, when there is no stool removed for three or four days following surgery, you should consult your veterinarian.

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Some dogs may have diarrhea, and there may be a need to cleanse the area. Some dogs might have to urinate more frequently than usual during the initial few days. In any circumstance you face, get your dog out more regularly in the initial few days following the sacculectomy. Since the incision made during the procedure is directly connected to the rectum area, pet owners need to examine the incision site for signs of infection each day. The disease symptoms at the surgery site include pain, discharge, swelling, and redness, which must be reported to the vet.

Cost of anal sacculectomy in dogs

Anal sacculectomy can be a delicate procedure that a vet surgeon should only do. The anticipated cost of this procedure will be between $1000 to $2000. The price will differ based on the complexity of the process and the length of time your pet will be in the hospital.

Dog Anal Sacculectomy Considerations

Anal sacculectomy is usually free of problems, but some risks should be discussed with your vet like any procedure. For instance, a dog might develop a mild case of fecal irritability following the process, which could be characterized by difficulty in controlling gas or the passage of feces. Studies have shown that dogs with smaller intestines are more susceptible to this phenomenon. Also, suppose the sphincter nervous system was damaged or touched during the procedure. In that case, the inability to control the movement of the bowel could be a result. In addition, if the surgeon accidentally pierces the rectum while dissecting, an unhealing fistula could form from the anus to the rectum. It is not always permanent.

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The prevention of anal sacculectomy in Dogs

Anal glands like impaction, abscess, or infection may happen due to various causes. Researchers believe that the anal glands of canines are used for protecting their territory and deterring predators when they are threatened. Certain breeds do not show glands in total, which causes them to fill up slowly. Overweight dogs often suffer from this issue; speak with your veterinarian regarding a weight-loss plan for the pet. A dog suffering from a gastrointestinal illness that affects stool consistency may be experiencing problems with its glands, even though they were previously not. Consider a diet change for your pet with your veterinarian as a test to determine the effect of a more extensive food to help in the elimination process.

Anal glands have been used to prevent dogs avoid developing problems when carried out by a licensed vet or technician as required. The procedure is typically performed every few months. It is an expression performed by hand that involves the glands in your anal when done improperly. It can cause anal gland troubles. Pet owners should not have their pet’s glands expressed by any person other than a veterinarian. Pet store personnel and dog trainers are not medically certified or trained to express the anal glands of any pet unless they’ve received specific training.

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